Toronto: One of the world's most multicultural cities
Toronto is the capital city of the Canadian province of Ontario. It is the most populated city in Canada and the fourth most populous city in North America, with a registered population of 2,731,571 in 2016. Toronto, known as one of the world's most multicultural and cosmopolitan cities, is an international center of commerce, finance, arts and culture. Toronto is a business-minded, conscientious, socially progressive, and pluralistic city. It is a city of many museums, theatres, festival events and sports activities. Toronto is one of the few cities in North America to retain its historic streetcar lines. These streetcars are not touristic streetcars, but are an integral part of the transit system.
Toronto's continental climate is moderated by Lake Ontario; its climate is among the mildest in Canada east of the Rocky Mountains, given Toronto's southerly latitude within the country. Downtown Toronto sits in a pocket of the humid continental climate zone found at the southwestern end of Lake Ontario covering the southern part of the city, including downtown (but excluding the Toronto Islands), where the annual average temperature exceeds 9 °C (48 °F). This difference partly results from the urban heat island effect. There is a high degree of variability from year to year and sometimes over a period of days, particularly during the winter months.
The city features a number of notable, internationally known festivals. It is home to the Toronto International Film Festival, one of the largest and most prestigious events of its kind in the world. It is also home to the Hot Docs Canadian International Documentary Festival, the largest documentary festival in North America. The Scotiabank CONTACT photography festival, one of the largest photography festivals in the world, showcases notable photographs from around the world.
Dishes that originated in the city or that are unique to it include Pea meal bacon, Pea meal bacon sandwiches, East Indian roti, Toronto-style pizza, sushi pizza, and many unique fusion cuisine dishes. The city celebrates its ethnic diversity through numerous food festivals.
The University of Toronto is a globally top-ranked public research university in Toronto. York University, Ryerson University are some of the best universities in Toronto.