Berlin: The capital city of Germany
Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany both by area and population. The city is also one of Germany's 16 federal states. About one-third of the city's area is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers, canals, and lakes. Berlin is a world city of culture, politics, media, and science. Its economy is based on high-tech firms and the service sector, encompassing a diverse range of creative industries, research facilities, media corporations, and convention venues. Berlin serves as a continental hub for air and rail traffic and has a highly complex public transportation network. The metropolis is a popular tourist destination.
Due to its location in the European Plain, Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. Berlin has an oceanic climate, the eastern part of the city has a slight continental influence, especially in the 0 °C isotherms, one of the changes being the annual rainfall according to the air masses and the greater abundance during a period of the year. This type of climate features moderate summer temperatures but sometimes hot and cold winters but not rigorous most of the time. Due to its transitional climate zones, frosts are common in winter and there are larger temperature differences between seasons than typical for many oceanic climates.
The cuisine and culinary offerings of Berlin vary greatly. Berlin is well known for its offerings of vegetarian and vegan cuisine and is home to an innovative entrepreneurial food scene promoting cosmopolitan flavors, local and sustainable ingredients, pop-up street food markets, supper clubs, as well as food festivals, such as Berlin Food Week. Typical Berliner fare includes popular street food like the Currywurst, Buletten, and the Berliner doughnut, known in Berlin as Pfannkuchen. German bakeries offering a variety of bread and pastries are widespread.
Berlin is home to world-renowned universities such as the Humboldt Universität zu Berlin (HU Berlin), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), the Freie Universität Berlin (Free University of Berlin), the Universität der Künste (University of the Arts), ESMT Berlin and the Berlin School of Economics and Law.
The city is well known for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts, and very high quality of living. Berlin is known for its numerous cultural institutions. The diversity and liveliness of this city lead to a trendsetting atmosphere. The settlement of young people, international artists, and entrepreneurs in the city makes Berlin a popular entertainment center in the world.