Bangalore is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. Bangalore is widely regarded as the "Silicon Valley of India" (or "IT capital of India") because of its role as the nation's leading information technology (IT) exporter. The city also has many other names, including the Knowledge Centre of India, India’s Aerospace and Machine Tools Hub, and India’s Garden City. A demographically diverse city, Bangalore is the second fastest-growing major metropolis in India. It is home to many educational and research institutions. Numerous state-owned aerospace and defense organizations are located in the city. The city also houses the Kannada film industry.
Bangalore has a tropical savanna climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. Due to its high elevation, Bangalore usually enjoys a more moderate climate throughout the year, although occasional heat waves can make summer somewhat uncomfortable. The coolest month is January and the hottest month is April. Bangalore receives rainfall from both the northeast and the southwest monsoons and the wettest months are September, October and August, in that order. The summer heat is moderated by fairly frequent thunderstorms, which occasionally cause power outages and local flooding.
Due to the presence of many public parks, such as Lal Bagh and Cubbon Park the city is also known as India Garden City. Biannual flower shows are held at the Lal Bagh Garden during the week of Republic Day (26 January) and Independence Day (15 August). Bengaluru Karaga or "Karaga Shaktyotsava" is one of the most important and oldest festivals of Bangalore dedicated to the Hindu Goddess Draupadi. Other popular festivals in Bangalore are Ugadi, Ram Navami, Eid ul-Fitr, Ganesh Chaturthi, St. Mary's feast, Dasara, Deepawali and Christmas.
The diversity of cuisine is reflective of the social and economic diversity of Bangalore. Bangalore has a wide and varied mix of restaurant types and cuisines and Bangaloreans deem eating out as an intrinsic part of their culture. Bangalore is also home to many vegan-friendly restaurants and vegan activism groups, and has been named as India's most vegan-friendly city by PETA India.
The Central College of Bangalore is the oldest college in the city. Some other institutes in Bangalore are The Bangalore University, University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering, International Centre for Theoretical Sciences, Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS) and more.