Hyderabad is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Telangana. There are a number of masjids, temples, churches and bazaars in the city. Hyderabad is known as The City of Pearls, as once it was the only global centre for trade of large diamonds, emeralds and natural pearls. It is also called the place of nawabs. The tourism industry forms an important role in the economy of Hyderabad. The city houses famous historical sites including Charminar, UNESCO Asia Pacific Heritage site of the Chowmahalla Palace, Salar Jung Museum (among the world's largest private collection museums) as well as art galleries, libraries, sports complexes, museums and theaters. There are many traditional and historical bazaars located around the city. Some of the top universities of Hyderabad include Osmania University, International Institute of Information Technology, Jawaharlal Nehru Architecture and Fine Arts University, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, University of Hyderabad and so on.
Hyderabad has a tropical wet and dry climate bordering on a hot semi-arid climate. Summers (March–June) are hot and humid, with average highs in the mid-to-high 30°Celsius, maximum temperatures often exceed 40 °C between April and June. The coolest temperatures occur in December and January, when the lowest temperature occasionally dips to 10 °C. May is the hottest month, when daily temperatures range from 26 to 39 °C. Heavy rain from the south-west summer monsoon falls between June and September, supplying Hyderabad with most of its mean annual rainfall.
Hyderabadi cuisine comprises a broad range of rice, wheat and meat dishes and the skilled use of various spices. The Hyderabadi biryani and Hyderabadi haleem with their blend of Mughlai and Arab cuisines, are some of the most popular part of Hyderabadi cuisine. The cuisine is somewhat influenced by French, but more by Arabic, Turkish, Iranian and native Telugu and Marathwada cuisines. Popular native dishes include nihari, chakna, bagara baingan and the desserts qubani ka meetha, double ka meetha and more.