Christchurch is the largest city on the South Island of New Zealand and the seat of the Canterbury Region. It is the second-most populous city in New Zealand after Auckland. It is also known as the Garden city because of its beautiful and award-winning parks and gardens. Agriculture is the historic mainstay of Christchurch's economy. The University of Canterbury and Lincoln University are the two top universities in Christchurch. It is home to the fourth-largest school in New Zealand, co-educational state school Burnside High School.
Christchurch has a temperate oceanic climate with a mild summer, cool winter, and regular moderate rainfall. Under the Köppen climate classification, Christchurch has an oceanic climate. Summer in the city is mostly warm but is often moderated by a sea breeze from the Northeast. Like many cities, Christchurch experiences an urban heat island effect; temperatures are slightly higher within the inner city regions compared to the surrounding countryside
Christchurch is one of five 'gateway cities' for Antarctic exploration, hosting Antarctic support bases for several nations. Tourism is a huge factor in the local economy as well. The close proximity of ski resorts and other Southern Alps attractions, hotels, a casino, and an international standard airport make Christchurch a stopover destination for many visitors. The city is popular with Japanese visitors, with Japanese signs around Cathedral Square. There is no shortage of things to do here and the nearby areas such as bungee jumping, skiing, whitewater rafting, mountain biking, windsurfing, whale watching, and more.
Christchurch is a distinctly English city, however, it contains various European elements, with strong Gothic Revival architecture. As early settlers of New Zealand, Māori culture is also prevalent in the city. It features many public open spaces and parks, river beds, and cafes and restaurants situated in the city center and surrounding suburbs.