Dunedin is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand after Christchurch and the main city of the Otago region. It has very accessible recreational and cultural venues, great shopping, supermarkets, restaurants, as well as first-rate health care and education. It is well known as a university town of excellence in research and learning, and a city where writers, books, and literature thrive. Dunedin and its surroundings are home to some interesting locals, including the world's rarest penguin, the yellow-eyed penguin, the world's rarest sea lion, the New Zealand sea lion, New Zealand fur seals, and little blue penguins. Dunedin's Baldwin Street is the steepest street in the world.
The climate of Dunedin, in general, is temperate; however, the city is recognized as having a large number of microclimates, and the weather conditions often vary between suburbs mostly due to the city's topographical layout. Under the Köppen climate classification, Dunedin features an oceanic climate. The city's climate is also influenced by its proximity to the ocean. This leads to mild summers and cold winters. Snowfall is not particularly common but significant snowfall is uncommon. Dunedin has relatively low rainfall in comparison to many of New Zealand's cities.
Dunedin has a diverse economy, which includes manufacturing, publishing, and technology-based industries as well as education, research, and tourism. Dunedin is home to the University of Otago, New Zealand's oldest university, and the Otago Polytechnic.
Dunedin also has the award-winning Otago Museum which is one of the nation’s finest, housing a stupendous collection of treasures from around the world, paired with an excellent calendar of year-round events and internationally touring exhibitions. Dunedin is a UNESCO designated the City of Literature, a magnificent example of a small city that lives, breathes, and connects through its people, its culture, and its intense love of literature.