Agriculture & Environmental Studies

Agriculture & Environmental Studies

Agriculture is the science or art concerned with cultivating land, raising plants, breeding and feeding livestock to meet human needs. In a broad sense agriculture means using natural resources to produce life-sustaining goods that include food, fiber, forest products, gardening crops and other related services and products. Agriculture curriculum is a combination of biology, environmental science, economics, chemistry, business and management. Through agriculture studies students will learn to plan, design and implement projects and productive agricultural methods, as well as agricultural engineering projects related to the growth of animals and vegetation and also develop new trends and technologies to develop agriculture methods. Job options for agriculture graduates are: agricultural economist, agricultural engineer, agronomy sales manager, field trial officer/surveyor, agricultural consultant and many more. Environmental studies is a multidisciplinary field that deals with the interaction between human and environment. It includes both the natural and artificial environment along with their connection and interaction. Environmental studies students use what they learn from science, social sciences and humanities to better understand the environmental issues and offer potential solutions for those issues. Students look at human communication with the natural world and come up with ideas to keep it from being destroyed. The skills acquired from this course are: written and oral communication skills, complexity of interaction between natural and artificial environment, research methods, policy analysis and many more. The career options for environmental studies graduates is very wide which include: environmental activist, community developer, health promoter, hazardous waste manager, professor, researcher, teacher, and many more.

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Course Subcategory

Agriculture

Agriculture is the art, science and business of cultivating crops and producing plants and animal products for economic purposes. Agriculture is a source of employment for many people. Agriculture students are also known as plant and animal farmers who help in inventing and implementing new methods and technologies to increase productivity that leads to a healthy economy and fulfillment of the human needs of plant and animal products. Studying agriculture is not limited to books, practical knowledge, experiments, field visits that are equally important and prioritized. Not only farming agriculture graduates have other career options which include: agriculture scientists, consultants, professors, researchers and many more to choose from.
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Forestry

Forestry studies the complex relationship between the natural aspects of the forest with the artificial and human aspects of the environment. Forestry studies include zoology, botany and ecosystem of the forest, management and protection of the environment, forest economics. When it comes to job opportunities there are varieties of options, you can work as a researcher, professor, wildlife ranger, a conservationist, wood engineer, forestry business administrator and many more. As students in forestry study about the ecosystem of the forest and its interrelationship with the environment so they can develop various plans and programs to protect the flora and fauna of the forest by meeting all the human needs.
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Sustainable Development

Sustainable Development is a branch of environmental studies and earth sciences that focuses on resolving economic, biodiversity and conservation problems, proper utilization of the earth's natural resources. It aims at encouraging the maximum utilization of renewable energy resources and limiting the use of fossil fuels to protect the environment and people from any long term damage. As a sustainable development consultant, you get a chance to create plans and policies and implement them to limit the damage caused to the environment due to human activities. After graduation students can find jobs as: sustainable design professional, lecturer, researcher, energy efficiency analysts, and many more.
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Animal Sciences

If you have an interest in animals mostly domestic then this course is the one for you. Animal science deals with the biology of the farm or domestic animals. It focuses on the breeding, feeding, their way of life, conservation and exploitation of domestic animals along with their interaction with the environment. Animal science graduates have a wide variety of career options in both governmental and non-governmental sectors where you can work as professors, researchers, formulate rules and regulations for animal rights, industrial management of animal products, consulting firms, self-employed where you can produce various animal products using your knowledge and skills and many more.
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Aquaculture & Fisheries

Are you interested in fishing and the varieties of plants underwater? Then aquaculture and fisheries can be a career choice for you. Aquaculture and fisheries is related to breeding and feeding water animals and plants for business purposes. The topics included in this field are mostly related to biology which includes: microbiology, genetics of fish and water plants, industrial management and marketing and many more. There are numerous job options and opportunities in both government and private sectors. You can also choose to be self-employed in your own fishery business. By studying aquaculture and fisheries you can develop concepts and strategies and implement them to improve knowledge on fishery, their breeding, their processing, production and marketing.
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Horticulture

It is the branch of agriculture that deals with the art, science and business of cultivating plants which mainly includes plants that are edible and for decorative and beauty purposes. Horticulture is further divided into five main branches: viticulture, floriculture, pomology, enology and landscape architecture. Horticulture requires a combination of theoretical and practical subject matters. By studying horticulture, you gain the knowledge of growing plants for consumption and medicinal purposes, as well as for beauty and decoration with a lot of care, the interrelationship between environmental factors and plant cultivation, cultivation and protection of landscape and many more. Graduates may find job opportunities in fields like; event planning, crop development, gardener, researcher, professor and many more.
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Plant & Crop Sciences

Plant and crop sciences is a sub-division of agriculture.it is the analysis of the interaction of plants and crops with the environment they grow in while studying all the aspects of plant growth. Studying plant and crop sciences gives you an opportunity to apply your theoretical knowledge in practical and research areas. Professionals use their knowledge for the healthy plantation that is suitable for the environment and all the living beings, helps in increasing production, use of natural resources to ensure chemical-free plantation, increase variation in crops. Job opportunities in this field include: food scientists, researchers, agricultural consultants, soil scientists and many more.
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Biodiversity & Conservation

Biodiversity is the multidisciplinary study and includes all the organisms living in any habitat, all types of species, having specific genes and conservation deals with their preservation. Biodiversity and conservation are related to study areas such as animal science, environmental science and management of natural resources. They cover various subject matters such as the evolution of biodiversity, habitat management, biodiversity loss, conservation plans and policies and many more. Studying biodiversity and conservation gives students a chance to analyze the changes in biodiversity and create policies and methods to bring sustainability. Career choices for graduates in biodiversity and conservation include: researcher or research analysts, professor, ecologist, or you can work to control pollution, for sustainable development, conservation of flora and fauna, waste management, and more.
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Climate Studies & Meteorology

Climate studies and meteorology is an interdisciplinary approach that emphasizes on the change in climate and weather patterns along with the activities and changes around earth. As for students pursuing their Bachelor’s degree in climate studies and meteorology they study and practice about the changes in climate and weather through the analysis of various researches. Students pursuing their Master’s degree learn much more about the activities in the atmosphere, humidity, weather patterns, wind speed and direction and many more. Career paths for climate studies and meteorology include jobs like: weather forecasters, researchers, professors, energy production companies, climate prediction, military and airline forecaster and more.
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Geology

Geology is the sub-discipline of environmental studies and earth science which is concerned with the study of history, physical and chemical properties of the earth, its composition and the process with which it changes overtime. Geologists use a broad range of approaches to understand earth's structure and evolution, which includes fieldwork, rock definition, geophysical techniques, chemical analysis, physical testing, and calculation. Along with theoretical knowledge students also gain strong knowledge and practice in field work, lab research and data collection methods. Graduates in geology can work in governmental sectors, private sectors, industrial sectors and environment consulting firms, non-profit organisations. Job opportunities include: geochemist, minerals surveyor, environmental consultant, geotechnical engineer and many more.
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Hydrology & Water Management

Hydrology is the scientific study of the movement, distribution and control of water on Earth and other planets, including the water cycle, water supplies and environmental protection and watershed sustainability whereas water management is the practice of planning , creating, distributing and controlling the efficient use of water resources. Hydrology covers subjects such as hydrochemistry, hydrogeology, hydro-geochemistry, surface hydrology, drainage basin, water quality and many more. Water management includes treatment of industrial and drinking water, sewage and wastewater, flood control and protection. Job opportunities after graduation in hydrology and water management include: lecturer, environmental engineer, civil engineer, water resource consultant and many more.
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Natural Resource Management

Natural resource management is the sustainable management of natural resources such as land, water, soil, plants and animals with a focus on proper management for present and future use. It brings together land use planning, water management, conservation of biodiversity and the potential development of industries such as agriculture, mining, tourism, fisheries and forestry. Graduates are trained to be able to sustain a conversation with different stakeholders involved in natural resource initiatives with the help of lectures from leading professors, lab research, computer research and field work in relevant topics. Students can apply their knowledge in practice by understanding complex issues and introducing sustainable approaches to environmental challenges, informing the public and recognizing the linkages between society and the biological systems. Graduates can find jobs in environmental project management, wildlife conservation, natural conservation management and many more.
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Toxicology

Toxicology involves the study of adverse effects of chemicals on organisms and the practice of diagnosing and treating the effects of those chemical substances. Toxicology is a highly interdisciplinary area that incorporates expertise from biology, chemistry, medicine, veterinary medicine, pharmacy and environmental sciences. Based on a range of chemical and biological aspects of substances, toxicology studies offer a number of specialized sub-disciplines such as environmental toxicology, neuro-toxicology, marine and aquatic toxicology, industrial toxicology, medical and forensic toxicology. Toxicology also focuses on risk assessment and control of consumer goods in order to safeguard public safety. Graduates of toxicology can get jobs in industries, health care, pharmaceutical sectors, environmental health, education sector, forensics and many more.
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Food science

Food science is a multidisciplinary approach that overlaps with agricultural science and nutrition and leads through the scientific aspects of food safety and food processing to inform the advancement of food technology. It is the field in which engineering, biological and physical sciences are used to research the essence of food, the causes of decay, the concepts underlying food production and the development of food quality for consumption. Besides, practical expertise in food processing, students gain skills to analyze alternative methods of food production as well as proper understanding of the processes involved in the food industry. Graduates of food science can get job opportunities such as: food research and development scientist, quality control consultant, food plant manager, food molecular biologist, flavor chemist, food inspector and many more.
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Veterinary science

Veterinary science is concerned with the prevention, regulation, diagnosis and treatment of diseases, illnesses and injuries in animals. It also deals with animal husbandry, breeding, nutrition analysis and product development. Veterinary science supports human health through the detection and management of zoonotic diseases, food protection and, indirectly, human applications through basic medical research. Studies in veterinary science begin with a Bachelor's degree in life sciences, zoology, biology and others and should conclude with a Master's degree in veterinary medicine or a PhD. Career opportunities are diverse for veterinary science graduates which include: science teachers, marine scientists, zoo animal care professionals, animal behaviorists, veterinary technologists and many more.
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Environmental Sciences

Environmental science is an interdisciplinary approach that combines physical, biological and other abiotic components to study the environment and find solutions to environmental casualties and hazards. It also requires more practical data or answers along with theoretical knowledge. Environmental science gives students a chance to learn about various aspects of the environment and its surroundings. You can contribute your knowledge to make plans and policies that will help protect and conserve the environment and solve various ongoing problems. Graduates of environmental science have good career options which include: environmental education officer, environmental consultant, professors, researchers, environmental engineer, mineral surveyor, water quality scientist, waste management officer and many more.
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Earth Sciences

Earth science also known as geoscience is the study of the physical and chemical constituents of the Earth and its atmosphere. It emphasizes the detection and spread of energy and mineral resources with their proper utilization, implementing various plans and methods to protect other living organisms from any environmental hazard. Earth science can include the study of geology, minerals, astronomy, chronology, physics, chemistry, mathematics, biology, meteorology, seismology, and so on. Earth science graduates can work in many fields, such as geology, ecology, soil science, atmospheric science, etc. Job options for an Earth Science graduate are: surveying and mapping technicians, geoscientists, teachers, hydrologists, atmospheric scientists, and many more.
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Ecology

Ecology is the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their physical environment which includes both biotic and abiotic components. It includes various other topics such as biodiversity, population and distribution of organisms, biomass, cooperation and competition between or within organisms of various species. The main goal of ecologist’s is to understand and study the life processes, adaptation and habitation, interaction and biodiversity of organisms. Ecology is a mixture of theoretical knowledge with more practical work which includes research, surveys, field practice and lab research. Graduates in ecology can apply for jobs in government sectors, private sectors or non-profit organizations. Job options include: conservationist, social worker, zoologist, laboratory manager, environmental education officer, and many more.
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