Located on the coast of Maharashtra, Mumbai is the most populous city in India and it is one of the world’s largest and most densely populated urban areas. The cultural life of Mumbai is representative of its ethnically diverse community. A variety of museums, libraries, literary societies, art galleries, theatres and other cultural institutions are located in the area. Mumbai is home to three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Elephanta Caves, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, and the city's distinctive ensemble of Victorian and Art Deco buildings.
Mumbai is the economic hub of India, the epicenter of fashion, and a pulse point of religious tension. As the country's commercial hub, Mumbai is very attractive to those in search of work and better job prospects. In pursuit of a better life, migrants from every part of the world come to the city every day so the term 'City of Dreams' has been used to define this city. It has been named one of the most populous and crowded cities in the world and at the same time is known as a hub of numerous opportunities in the fields of technology and innovation.
Mumbai has a tropical climate. It varies between a dry period extending from October to May and a wet period peaking in June. The cooler season from December to February is followed by the hotter season from March to May. Flooding during monsoon is a major problem for Mumbai. Between June and September, the southwest monsoon rains lash the city. Pre-monsoon showers are received in May. Occasionally, north-east monsoon showers occur in October and November.
Mumbai's culture is a blend of traditional festivals, food, music, and theatres. The city offers a cosmopolitan and diverse lifestyle with a variety of food, entertainment, and nightlife, available in a form and abundance comparable to that in other world capitals. Mumbai's history as a major trading center has led to a diverse range of cultures, religions, and cuisines coexisting in the city. This unique blend of cultures is due to the migration of people from all over India since the British period.
Mumbai is also the birthplace of Indian cinema, Dadasaheb Phalke laid the foundations with silent movies followed by Marathi talkies. Mumbai also has a large number of cinema halls that feature Bollywood, Marathi, and Hollywood movies.